Decoding Legal Jargon: Brain Injury Terms Explained for Georgia Claimants

Facing a brain injury can be overwhelming, both physically and emotionally. On top of that, the world of medical and legal terminology can make an already challenging situation even more confusing. In this blog post, we aim to demystify the complex medical jargon often associated with brain injuries for claimants in Georgia. We’ll provide clear and informative explanations to help you better understand the language surrounding brain injuries.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

A traumatic brain injury, often referred to as TBI, is a type of brain injury caused by a sudden impact or blow to the head. This is a broad category that includes concussions and more severe brain injuries.


A concussion is a mild form of TBI that typically results in a temporary loss of brain function. Symptoms can include confusion, memory problems, and sometimes loss of consciousness.


A hematoma is a collection of blood outside the blood vessels, often within the brain. There are different types of hematomas, including subdural (between the brain and the protective layer) and epidural (between the protective layer and the skull).

Intracranial Pressure (ICP)

Intracranial pressure refers to the pressure inside the skull. After a brain injury, swelling or bleeding can increase ICP, which can be dangerous and require medical intervention.

Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI)

DAI is a severe form of brain injury that occurs when there is extensive damage to nerve fibers in the brain. It often leads to long-term cognitive impairment.

Cerebral Contusion

A cerebral contusion is a bruise on the brain’s surface, typically caused by a direct impact to the head. It can result in neurological deficits.

Neurological Deficits

These refer to impairments in the normal functioning of the nervous system. They can include issues with movement, sensation, cognition, and other brain functions.


A coma is a state of prolonged unconsciousness where a person does not respond to stimuli. It is often the result of severe brain injury.

Guardian ad Litem

In legal terms, a guardian ad litem is a person appointed by the court to represent the interests of an incapacitated individual, such as someone with a severe brain injury, in legal proceedings.

Structured Settlement

This is a type of settlement in which compensation is paid to the injured party over a specified period, rather than in a lump sum. It can help provide for long-term medical care and financial security.


Understanding these terms can help you navigate the complexities of a brain injury claim in Georgia. It’s essential to work closely with a legal professional who specializes in personal injury cases to ensure that your rights are protected and that you receive the compensation you deserve.